DIABETES AND COMMON FOOT PROBLEMS

                                                     

TABLE OF CONTENT

INTRODUCTION
WHAT IS DIABETES
WHAT IS DIABETIC NEUROPATHY?
THE CAUSES OF DIABETIC NEUROPATHY?
THE SYMPTOMS OF DIABETIC NEUROPATHY
HOW CAN DIABETES AFFECT MY FEET?
COMMON FOOT PROBLEMS OF PEOPLE WITH DIABETES
CALLUSES AND CORNS
FOOT ULCERS
ATHLETE’S FOOT
FUNGAL NAIL INFECTION
BLISTERS
BUNIONS
DRY SKIN
HAMMERTOES
INGROWN TOENAILS
PLANTAR WARTS
DIABETES AND FOOT PROBLEM PREVENTION
TIPS ON WHEN TO CONTACT MY DOCTOR ABOUT FOOT PROBLEMS
HOW CAN FEET FIRST ARCH SUPPORTS HELP YOU PREVENT COMMON FOOT AILMENTS?
WHO NEEDS FEET FIRST ARCH SUPPORTS?

Feet First Arch Supports
Your Root To Better Health

INTRODUCTION

WHAT IS DIABETES

Foot problems are not new to people living with diabetes.  Ordinary problems can lead to
unexpected and serious complications, the loss of a foot, leg or toe.

You can reduce or
eliminate your chances of foot problems, relating to diabetes, by taking good care of your feet.

What you are about to learn in this report will give you the tools required to keep your feet
happy and healthy. Diabetes is a serious health condition that occurs as a result of the high glucose (sugar) levels in
the blood because the body is unable to use it properly. This can be as a result of inadequate
insulin production or because the cells in the body are not responding properly to insulin or
both.

Due to high blood sugar patients typically experience polyuria (i.e. frequent urination),
hunger and they can become increasingly thirsty. If high blood glucose levels are left untreated,
it can lead to serious health complications.
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WHAT IS DIABETIC NEUROPATHY?

Diabetic neuropathy is the family of nerve disorders which is caused by diabetes. The people living with diabetes over time can develop nerve damage throughout their body.

People with nerve damage have no symptoms, but others may notice symptoms like tingling, pain, or numbness – loss of feelings in their arms, legs, hands and feet.

Nerve problems can occur in any part of the organ system such as the heart, sex organs, and digestive tract.

About 60 – 70% of people living with diabetes have one or another form of neuropathy that they are dealing with. At any time, people with diabetes can develop different nerve problems, but risk rises as they age and with the duration of diabetes.

Individuals who have had diabetes for a minimum of 25 years have the highest rate of diabetic neuropathy.

Diabetic neuropathy is also common among people when their body system is unable to control their blood glucose, popularly known as blood sugar, as well as those who have high levels of blood pressure, blood fat and those who are overweight.
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WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF DIABETIC NEUROPATHY?

• Autoimmune factors causing inflammation in nerve because there are different types of diabetic neuropathy, the causes may differ. Research has
shown that prolonged exposure to blood sugar is the cause of nerve damage. However, nerve
damage is probably as a result of the combination of several factors:
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DIABETES AND COMMON FOOT PROBLEMS

• Neurovascular factors, which lead to damage of blood vessels carrying nutrients and oxygen
to the nerves
• Metabolic factors like long duration of diabetes, low levels of insulin, high blood glucose and
abnormal blood fat levels
• Inherited traits that increase the susceptibility to nerve disease
• Mechanical injury to nerves like carpal tunnel syndrome
• Lifestyle factors like alcohol use and smoking.
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THE SYMPTOMS OF DIABETIC NEUROPATHY

The symptoms of nerve damage may include
• Problem with urination
• Tingling, numbness, pain in the toes, hands, fingers, arms, legs and feet
• Nausea, indigestion or vomiting
• Constipation or diarrhea
• Weakness
• Vaginal dryness in women or erectile dysfunction in men
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HOW CAN DIABETES AFFECT MY FEET?

The symptoms of diabetic neuropathy depend on the affected nerves and the type of
neuropathy. Most people that have nerve damage have no symptoms. Other people with nerve
damage experience symptoms as a result. This causes pain in the feet, tingling, and numbness. Most nerve
damage occurs over many years, so symptoms are always minor at first. The symptoms can
involve the motor, sensory and involuntary – or autonomic – nervous systems.

This question is quite popular among people living with diabetes. Over time, diabetes that is not
well-managed may cause damage to the nerve (also known as diabetic neuropathy). Diabetic
neuropathy can cause pain and tingling, and can also make you lose feeling in your feet.

The worst thing about losing feeling in your feet is that, when there is a blister on your foot orpebbles in your sock, you will not know and it may lead to cuts and sores. If there are cuts and
sores on your foot, it can become infected and lead to more severe health problems.

Diabetes can also reduce the flow of blood in your feet, and if enough blood is not flowing to your feet and legs, it can make it difficult for an infection or sores to heal. Most bad infections do not heal, and the infection could lead to severe complications such as Gangrene.

Foot Ulcers and Gangrene that do not get better with treatment can lead to the amputation of your foot, toe, or part of your leg.

The reason surgeons perform an amputation on people with foot ulcers, bad infection, and Gangrene that is not treatable, is to prevent it from spreading to the other parts of the body and save your life. Taking good care of your feet is paramount to preventing Gangrene and severe infections. Although nerve damage from diabetes is not common, it can cause the shape of your feet to change, e.g. Charcot’s foot.

Charcot’s foot may start with warmth, swelling, and redness. Later the bones in your toes and feet can break or shift resulting in your feet having an odd shape called Rocker Bottom.
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COMMON FOOT PROBLEMS OF PEOPLE WITH DIABETES

Even if people with diabetes have common foot problems, such problems can be dangerous and may lead to even more serious foot problems.

People with diabetes are at the increased risk for serious complications related to these conditions, including amputation and infection.
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CALLUSES AND CORNS

Calluses and corns are the thickening of the skin. These two foot problems are caused as a result of rubbing or repeated pressure on the same area of the foot.

Corns can be found around the raised area of your feet, where it rubs against your shoes, while calluses are mostly found around the heels or underneath the feet.
If calluses and corns are not treated, they can act just like stones in your shoe and put pressure on the tissue underneath your foot.

The pressure can lead to ulcers, infection or bruising. It is often difficult to see the damage because it is underneath the callus or corn. You may not feel pain if you suffer from nerve damage. A Podiatrist can help you treat the corns and calluses.
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FOOT ULCER

A foot ulcer is an area of the skin on the foot, that is broken and taking a longer than normal time to heal. The inside of the foot ulcer often looks white.
Foot ulcers mostly occur over the ball of the foot or on the bottom of the big toe. The ulcers at the side of your feet are most times a result of poorly fitting shoes.

Even if some foot ulcers don’t hurt, you should visit your doctor right away. If you fail to treat your foot ulcer, it can result in gangrene or infection, which can lead to the loss of limb (amputation).
You are most likely to have foot ulcers if:
• You’ve had a foot ulcer in the past
• Are over 40 years old
• Have nerve damage in your feet
• You have diabetes
• Have poor blood circulation in your feet
• You’ve had diabetes for an extended period
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ATHLETE’S FOOT
Athlete’s foot is also known as fungal infection. Itching, redness and cracked skin are associated with this condition. When fungus enters the cracks in the skin, it causes an infection that people with diabetes need to have treated quickly.
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FUNGAL NAIL INFECTION
Brittle, thick, yellow-brown, or opaque nails are quite common with fungal nail infections. The infected part may seem to pull away from the rest of the nail.

The fungus thrives in a moist, dark and warm environment created by wearing closed-toed shoes.

Injuries to the nail also increase the risk of fungal infection. Though it’s hard to treat these infections they are treatable.
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BLISTERS
Blisters are fluid-filled areas of skin formed due to friction. They are mostly filled with blood, pus, or the clear watery part of blood known as serum. Depending on the cause of your blister, it could hurt or itch a little or a lot.
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BUNIONS
A bunion is a red, sore, callused area of the foot that forms on the outside of the joint on the big toe. This condition causes the big toe to angle inward. The bunions may appear on the two feet and tend to be hereditary in families.

Wearing a high-heeled shoe that has no adequate room for the toes increases the risk of bunions by pushing your big toes into an unnatural position. Bunions may be more severe for a person with diabetes.
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DRY SKIN
Dry and cracked skin allows germs and bacteria to penetrate your body which can later lead to infection. You are more likely to develop skin problems with diabetes, but you can help prevent this by keeping your feet healthy.
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FOOT ULCERS
Anybody can have foot ulcers, but it is usually more severe when it occurs in people with diabetes. When the blood sugar levels are fluctuating or high, regular skin injury that would normally heal easily may not repair itself properly because of nerve damage. In fact, a mild injury can result in a foot ulcer.
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HAMMERTOES
The hammertoe is a bent toe and the result of the weakened muscle that makes tendons shorter, causing toes to curl under the feet. When the muscles of the toes are weak, it contributes to the curled appearance of toes known as “hammertoes.”

The weakness shortens the tendons of the toes and causes them to contract. This foot problem can be hereditary and can also be caused as a result of wearing shoes that are too small.

Hammertoes can lead to foot problems like sores, difficulty walking, blisters and calluses.
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INGROWN TOENAIL
An ingrown toenail may result in pressure, pain and even a cut to your skin that can lead to infection. Wearing ill-fitting or tight shoes can increase the risk of an ingrown toenail.

High- impact activities like aerobics and running may also contribute to this problem. Inadequately trimmed toe nails, toe crowding, and walking may also cause ingrown toenails.
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PLANTAR WARTS
A thickened area with a pinhole or small black spot on the soles of your feet is likely to be plantar warts. A virus causes plantar warts, and the affected parts of the skin can be painful. It
may occur alone or in a cluster.

It is important to avoid walking barefoot on warm, moist surfaces where wart viruses may be alive. Also remember not to share shoes, socks or razor with another person to prevent planter warts.
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DIABETES AND FOOT PROBLEMS PREVENTION
Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases and its prevalence is on the increase. The life expectancy of people living with diabetes is shortened by about 15 years, and 75% of them die of macrovascular complications.
The risk of foot problems in people living with diabetes is high, because of either peripheral arterial disease (poor blood supply because of medium-sized blood vessels in the legs) or diabetic neuropathy (degeneration or nerve damage), or both.

Foot complications are quite common in people with diabetes. The research estimated that 10% of people living with diabetes will have a diabetic foot ulcer at some point in their lives.
Prevention of diabetes foot problems involves a combination of different factors.
• Choosing proper footwear
• Regular foot and leg self-examinations
• Good diabetes control
• Regular exercise, if possible
• Keeping footpaths clear to avoid injury
• Checking your feet every day
• Stop smoking
•  Elevate your feet
• Wash your feet with warm water and soap every day
• Smooth calluses and corns gently
• Wiggle your toes for some minutes throughout the day
• Trim your toenails straight across
• Wear shoes and socks at all times
• Protect your feet from cold and hot extremities
Have your doctor examine your feet
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TIPS ON WHEN TO CONTACT MY DOCTOR ABOUT FOOT PROBLEMS
call your healthcare provider
• A blister, bruise or cut on your foot that has refused to start the healing process after a few days
• Calluses with dried blood inside it, which most times can be the first sign of a wound under the callus
• Skin on your foot that becomes warm, painful or red – signs of a possible infection
• A foot infection that becomes smelly and black – the signs of gangrene If needed, ask your doctor to refer you to a podiatrist or a foot doctor.

HOW CAN FEET FIRST ARCH SUPPORTS HELP YOU PREVENT COMMON FOOT AILMENTS?
Adopting good basic principles of wearing sensibly fitted footwear can help you prevent foot problems. We understand there are those everyday challenges of footwear and fashion like high heeled footwear, which can challenge these principles.

Our feet are mechanical marvels that help us get from one place to the other – sadly, we have only one pair, which is why we need to look after them.
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HERE ARE THE BENEFITS OF FEET FIRST ARCH SUPPORTS
• Effective alleviation of feet problems like calluses, heel spurs, plantar fasciitis, Morton’s neuroma, corns, bunions, hammertoes, low arches, shin splints, foot swelling, high arches, burning feet, leg cramps along with several other foot problems.
• Strengthens and balances your body and feet. Ligaments, muscles and foot joints are aligned and supported, helping to maintain good balance and correct poor posture
• Increases blood circulation. The Feet First Arch Supports constant massage on your foot ensures continuous blood flow and long-lasting comfort.
• Reduces fatigue
• Helps restore normal foot function
• Can prevent overuse on injuries
• Reduces athletic recovery time
• Relieves pain and tension; reduces stress on joints and bones. The Feet First Arch Supports will ease many physical discomforts and take pressure off uncomfortable pressure points
• Aligns heels and ankles.

WHO NEEDS FEET FIRST ARCH SUPPORTS?
Feet First Arch Supports is a preventive step towards healthy feet and can benefit anyone
looking to improve their general health or those suffering from:

• High arches
• Diabetic foot problems
• Hammertoes
• Fallen arches
• Plantar fasciitis
• Postural instability
• Foot trauma
• Arthritis
• Foot rotation
• Bunions and calluses
• Achilles tendonitis
• Narrow/wide feet

In fact, children competitive/non-competitive athletes and anyone whose feet are in motion can benefit from Feet First Arch Supports.
Whether you are suffering from foot problems, poor balance, diabetes or you are battling a condition that is affecting your quality of life or mobility;

The Arch Supports can help you tackle the problem. This product is odor free, light, flexible, interchangeable, economical, and made with long-lasting materials.
Feet First Arch Supports stimulate corrective properties with each step, promoting circulation in your feet and provide the benefits of massage while walking. As a result they can also help prevent all sorts of foot complications.
Do you love your feet? You should protect your feet with Feet First Arch Supports and keep feet problems far away from you.

Erika Penney
Your Root To Better Health

Diabetes And Common Foot Problems

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Diabetes And Common Foot Problems

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13 thoughts on “Diabetes And Common Foot Problems

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